Railway Exam

Railway Competitive Examinations In India:

Being the second largest Railway system in the world and largest organization of having highest of employee in India. Indian Railways generates lots of jobs every year to the Indian Nationals. The broadly divided Zones of Indian Railways and its Divisions have technical and non-technical departments to which the recruitments are done through Competitive Exams. These Exams are conducted by Union public service commission (UPSC) and Railway Recruitment Board (RRB). The entry is done through three different channels:

  • Group A

  • Group B

  • Group C

Group A officers are recruited by UPSC through:

  • Civil Service Examination for Indian Railway Traffic Services (IRTS) and the Indian Railways Accounts Services (IRAS)

  • Combined Engineering Service for Indian Railway Service of Engineers (IRSE), Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers (IRSEE), Indian Railway Services of Signal Engineers (IRSSE) and Indian Railway Store Service (IRSS)

Group B officers are directly promoted from Group C.

Group C officers are recruited through the Railway Recruitment Board (RRB). The 19 Railway Recruitment Boards in India (RRBs) have been functioning as prime recruiting agencies for all Zonal Railways, Production Units and other extra Zonal units of the Indian Railways. The Group C posts include assistant station masters, drivers, motormen, guards, signal and mechanical inspectors. Here again, staff are divided into technical and non-technical staff.

For the Group C services, the Railway Recruitment Board conducts the following Examinations:

Technical Cadre Examination:

The Indian Railway Recruitment Boards situated in the different parts of India conducts these Technical Cadre Examinations to recruit candidates for the technical categories’ positions. The selection of the candidates is done generally by giving notification through Employment News / Rozgar Samachar. All the positions are filled on the basis of written tests and interviews.

The tests are designed according to the educational standards prescribed for the post. If the number of applicants is large, qualifying tests are held in two stages:

  • Preliminary Exam

  • Main Exam

For a very few specific categories, the written exam is followed by a verbal (oral) test, and for certain other categories a skills test. For categories related to operational safety, a psychological test is conducted as well. After the long selection procedures till medical examinations of the candidates, a panel of names is then recommended to zonal railway or the production unit, depending on the number of vacancies.

Exam Pattern Of Technical Cadre Examination: The selection for recruiting candidates for the Railway Recruitment Boards in India is done through written examination.

  • In addition, Aptitude/skill test/interview can also be conducted wherever applicable. The Railway Recruitment Board at its discretion may hold additional written test(s)/skill test(s) and/or interview if considered necessary.

  • The syllabus for the written examination is generally in conformity with the educational standards and/or technical qualifications prescribed for the posts.

  • The questions are of objective/subjective nature on General Knowledge, General English, General Arithmetic, analytical and quantitative skills and knowledge in the subjects covered as part of minimum educational/technical qualification for the posts, subject to minor variations.

  • The written examination consists of one sitting of about 90 minutes duration. The questions for the Aptitude Test are mainly to test perception, analytical and reasoning power of the candidates relevant to the safety categories.

  • Final selection is based on the total marks obtained in the written examination and interview, wherever provided, plus clearing Aptitude/ skill test/ vision test etc. as required.

  • The appointment of selected candidate is subject to his passing requisite Medical Fitness Test conducted by the Railway Administration.

Non-technical Cadre Examination:

Recruitment of the non-technical cadre in Class III (or Group C) services in the Indian railways are done through the Non-technical Cadre Examination conducted every year by the different Railway Recruitment Boards (RRB) situated across the country.

These Boards are located at Allahabad, Ahmadabad, Ajmer, Chandigarh, Jammu, Gorakhpur, Patna, Guwahati, Calcutta, Bhubaneswar, Chennai (Madras), Trivandrum, Bangalore, Secunderabad, Mumbai (Bombay), Bhopal, Malda, Ranchi, etc.

These Examinations are conducted for the positions such as Clerks, Assistant Station Masters, Ticket-Collectors, Train Clerks Goods guard, Ticket Examiner etc.

The Boards advertise Non Technical vacancies of the respective zones of the Indian railways, through newspapers and the Employment News and conduct both written examinations and interviews. Recruitment is made in the lowest grades to these categories and prescribed qualification is generally matriculation.

For some posts like Commercial Apprentice, Traffic Apprentice, Assistant Station Master, Clerk Grade I, Guards, etc., prescribed qualification is a degree from a recognized University.

Exam Pattern For Non-technical Cadre Examination: Exam Pattern of Non-Technical Cadre Examination Conducted By Railway Recruitment Boards in India basically comprises of the following subjects:

1. General English (and/or Hindi)

2. Mathematics

3. General Knowledge

4. General Intelligence

The test will be mainly of Objective Type.

Candidates are expected to possess a broad knowledge of current events and matters of general interest particularly relating to India, including Indian Railways.

Depending upon the number of vacancies and merit list, candidates are called for interview. Final selection is based on the total marks obtained in the written examination and interview.

The syllabus of the above mentioned subjects are given as under:

General English:

Questions on General English are designed to test the candidate’s correct usage of prepositions, words and phrases.


Questions on Mathematics are designed to test accuracy and rapidity.

General Knowledge:

Candidates are expected to possess a broad knowledge of current events and matters of general interest, particularly relating to India, including Indian Railways.

General Intelligence:

The questions are designed to test the candidate’s power of reasoning and his ability to draw conclusions.

The candidate selected may be absorbed depending on vacancies available after successful completion of prescribed training as per the rules.The final appointment of the candidates will be subject to their being found medically fit in appropriate Medical Classification of Railways. They may be considered in due course for promotion to higher grades including supervisory levels according to rules/orders in force from time to time.